The Art of Animation – A Brief History

Broadly speaking, the term ‘Animation‘ means the art of moving images.

Now, animation is of two types, one is the traditional animation, and the other is the computer animation. Traditional animation is done purely by drawing the different poses of a character or an object on special types of semi-transparent papers, known as celluloid sheets.

It is also known as cel animation. Whereas, Computer animation is done using the different software which are specially designed to carry out such types of task eg 3Ds Max, Maya etc to name a few. Traditional animation was being done long before personal computers were invented.

Computer animation is again subdivided into two types. One is the 2D animation and the other is the 3D Animation.2D animation deals with two dimensional shapes which move on a two dimensional plane. Here the characters are designed using 2D shapes like circles, ovals, rectangles etc. Tom & Jerry, Chhota Bheem , Doraemon are good examples of 2D animation.

3D animation deals with three dimensional shapes, which move in a three dimensional space. In case of 3d animation, the characters or objects are modeled using 3d shapes, like sphere, cone cylinders etc.Ice Age is a good example of a 3d animated movie.

In case of animation, different poses of the same character or an object are made in a sequence either by sketching or digitally and then they are moved in rapid succession to create an illusion of a fluid movement. Each of these drawings is referred to as frames. The speed at which the frames move is referred to as frame rate. It is measured in frames per second or fps. The normal broadcasting frame rate is kept at 24fpsRead More

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